Lamennais, Félicité-Robert de

(1782-1854)
   writer, thinker
   A philosopher who attempted to combine political and theological liberalism, Félicité de Lamennais (or La Mennais) was born in Saint-Malo. He was ordained a priest in 1816 and at first was a royalist and ultramontane (conservative Catholic) who developed his ideas in an early writing, Essai sur l'indifférence en matière de religion (1817-23). This work made him famous. He later posited the subordination of temporal power to the spiritual in De la religion considérée dans ses rapports avec l'ordre politique et social (1825). Because of these views, he incurred the hostility of the Gallicans (see galli-canism). In 1830, with henri lacordaire and marc montalembert, Lamennais founded L'Avenir, a journal advocating a liberal Christianity and the separation of church and state. After its condemnation by Rome (1832), Lamennais announced his break with the church in Paroles d'un croyant (1834) and also in another writing, Affaires de Rome (1836-37). He moved toward a form of democratic humanitarianism that he explained in Le Livre du peuple (1838), Le Pays et le Gouvernement (1838), and l'Esquisse d'un philosophe (1841-46), in which he presented his view of a God who must, according to Lamennais, be the basis for all social reforms. In 1848, Lamennais was elected to represent the people as a member of the National Assembly and became editor of the journal Le Peuple constituent.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lamennais, Félicité Robert de — • Born at Saint Malo, 29 June, 1782; died at Paris, 27 February, 1854 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Lamennais, Félicité-Robert de — altLamennais o La Mennais, Félicité Robert de/alt ► (1782 1854) Escritor religioso francés. Ordenado sacerdote, publicó su Ensayo sobre la indiferencia en materia de religión (1817), en el que impugnó el racionalismo filosófico. En su revista… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lamennais, Félicité Robert de — (1782–1854)    Theologian, Philosopher and Politician.    Lamennais was born in St Malo, France. Despite his early loss of faith, he returned to the Church and was ordained a Roman Catholic priest in 1816. He became the centre of a religious… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • LAMENNAIS, FÉLICITÉ, ROBERT DE —    a French theologian and journalist, born at St. Malo; began life as a free thinker, but by and by became a Roman Catholic of the extreme ultramontane type; in 1820 went to Rome and was offered a cardinalate, but in 1830 his views changed, and… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Felicite Robert de Lamennais —     Félicité Robert de Lamennais     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Félicité Robert de Lamennais     Born at Saint Malo, 29 June, 1782; died at Paris, 27 February, 1854. His father, Pierre Robert de Lamennais (or La Mennais), was a respectable… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Felicite Robert de Lamennais — Félicité Robert de Lamennais Hugues Félicité Robert de Lamennais par Paulin Guérin Hugues Félicité Robert de Lamennais, né à Saint Malo (Ille et Vilaine) en 1782 et décédé à Paris en 1854, était un écrivain et philosophe français. Son nom de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Félicité Robert de Lamennais — « Lamennais » redirige ici. Pour son frère, le fondateur des Frères de l Instruction Chrétienne de Ploërmel, voir Jean Marie de la Mennais. Hugues Félicité Robert de Lamennais Bretagne …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Félicité Robert de Lamennais — Hughes Felicité Robert de Lamennais por Paulin Guérin. Hugues Félicité Robert de Lamennais, (Saint Malo 19 de junio de 1782 París 27 de febrero de 1854). Filósofo católico y teólogo francés, condenado por las Encíclicas Mirari vos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lamennais, Félicité — ▪ French priest in full  Hugues Félicité Robert de Lamennais  born June 19, 1782, Saint Malo, France died Feb. 27, 1854, Paris  French priest and philosophical and political writer who attempted to combine political liberalism with Roman… …   Universalium

  • Félicité Robert de Lamennais — Hugues Félicité Robert de Lamennais, (Saint Malo 19 de junio de 1782 Paris 27 de febrero de 1854). Filósofo católico y teólogo francés. Huérfano de madre desde muy joven, su padre, que era empresario y armador, se ocupa poco de él, dejando su… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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